Albania, Missing Persons from the Communist Era: A Needs Assessment

International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP)
Publication Year
Europe and Central Asia
Thematic Area
The Search Process / Mechanisms / Law & Policies / Forensics / Families
Right to Know/Truth / Reparation / Recovery of remains / Excavation / Exhumation / Memorialization / Information Management (Archive/Database/Register) / Identification / Family Needs / Criminal Justice / Burial Site / Mass Grave
Open access

It is estimated that around 6,000 persons went missing under the communist regime in Albania in the period between 1944 and 1991. According to official data 5,501 persons convicted for political reasons were executed during this period. Their bodies were never returned to their families. Official data also indicates that an additional 987 political prisoners died from various causes in prisons and detention centers in Albania. The whereabouts of their mortal remains is unknown to surviving relatives.

This report aims to benchmark current efforts in Albania to account for persons missing from the communist era against generally recognized principles underpinning effective inquiries or
investigations. Further, the report provides recommendations on potential steps to enhance these efforts by closing gaps in upholding the rights of the families of persons missing from the communist era to truth, justice and reparations.