Memory and truth in human rights: the Argentina case. The issue of truth and memory in the aftermath of gross human rights violations in Argentina

Andres Delgado
Publication Year
Thematic Area
Mechanisms / Law & Policies
Transitional Justice / Reparation / Memorialization / Enforced Disappearance
Open access

This thesis focuses on the importance of truth and memory in the process of transitional justice, within the context of the aftermath of gross violations of human rights that occurred during the military dictatorship of 1976 to 1983 in Argentina. The military junta that ruled Argentina took power under the pretext of national security, arguing that an enemy threatened to destabilize and destroy Argentine society. During the period of the military dictatorship an estimated 30,000 people “disappeared”; relatives of those disappeared mobilized and formed human rights organizations to confront the military regime for its abuses.
Once the dictatorship collapsed and democratic rule was reestablished these human rights organizations changed their focus, mobilizing once again to find their missing relatives, learn the truth, and prosecute those responsible of any crimes.